All involved did a superb job of manufacturing a 17-race season in 2020. Nevertheless, over the winter, authorities journey restrictions have tightened in lots of international locations, and thus logistical points could possibly be much more difficult than beforehand.
Issues are additional difficult by proven fact that the UK, the house of seven of the F1 groups, is now extensively thought to be a COVID scorching spot.
The information that the Portuguese GP is ready for Might 2 is a optimistic signal. Nonetheless it appears inevitable that the at the moment deliberate 23-race schedule will change greater than as soon as over the approaching months.
In actual fact, journey restrictions have had an affect on groups and energy unit suppliers even earlier than the beginning of the season, as everybody works to organize their new automobiles.
It is a two-way problem. The quarantine exemptions that have been granted to F1 employees travelling to and from races in 2020 don’t apply to UK arrivals within the winter, as these journeys usually are not straight associated to occasions.
On the identical time most travellers to the UK face tight quarantine restrictions once they return to their dwelling international locations.
Elite sportsmen stay eligible to journey to the UK, underneath sure restrictions, which is why we have seen footage of Sebastian Vettel, Daniel Ricciardo and Sergio Perez visiting the factories of their new employers.
Nevertheless, even a workforce boss like Toto Wolff is just not at the moment exempt from the UK quarantine, and thus the Austrian has remained in his dwelling nation for the reason that Christmas break.
Toto Wolff, Government Director (Enterprise), Mercedes AMG
Picture by: Steve Etherington / Motorsport Images
Some groups are comparatively self-sufficient, in that their chassis and energy unit operations are in the identical nation – that clearly goes for Ferrari and Mercedes in addition to the latter’s buyer groups, Aston Martin and Williams.
Nevertheless, others break up their operations throughout two international locations.
Renault’s engine division is in France, which implies there’s often a number of commuting to and from Alpine’s base in Enstone, whereas McLaren makes use of the Toyota wind tunnel in Cologne, and its aero guys often journey backwards and forwards.
Each groups have needed to plan across the additional logistical challenges that COVID-19 restrictions have introduced.
Nevertheless, the workforce with the most important headache might be Haas. Its race facility is within the UK, whereas the design division, many of the manufacturing and PU and gearbox provider Ferrari are all in Italy.
After which there’s workforce principal Gunther Steiner, who spends his winter break at his dwelling within the USA, and this yr has opted to remain there fairly than return to the Banbury manufacturing unit.
“Usually I am again between January and February, between the 2 months, however this yr, I did not go,” he says.
“I imply, wherever I am going, I must quarantine, and that is simply not on. I will go straight to Bahrain for the take a look at, to keep away from any difficulties or something.”
Haas’s break up operation signifies that often at the moment of yr there can be a number of motion between Italy and the UK, however that’s merely not taking place in 2021.
That is led to some adjustments, notably the truth that the automobiles are being inbuilt Banbury, fairly than Italy, as is often the case. Thus the British-based mechanics haven’t needed to journey.
Guenther Steiner, Crew Principal, Haas F1
Picture by: Andy Hone / Motorsport Images
That call was additionally pushed by the event freeze, which signifies that a lot is being carried over between seasons – in different phrases the UK manufacturing unit has a great inventory of 2020-spec components which can be going straight into the construct for this yr’s automobiles.
“It is not straightforward, as a result of if folks come to the UK, they need to go in quarantine,” says Steiner.
“And that isn’t one thing productive. So it is impacting. It’s essential to alter to search out methods round it. And the blokes discovered methods round it.
“We’re constructing the automobile within the UK this yr. There are a number of carry over components from final yr, so it is the easiest way to get all of it collectively. There are much less new components on the automobile, however there are nonetheless new components.
“I would not say every little thing is made in Italy. The massive factor is, it’s designed there. So that you need your technical folks round [when you build the car], your designers, as a result of if there are points, at the very least they’re near the folks. That’s what we do usually.
“We did not simply determine to do the automobile construct within the UK due to the pandemic, we determined anyway, as a result of it is carry over components, and we all know them. There are extra components in the meanwhile within the UK than Italy! So we’d have needed to take every little thing to Italy to construct it. That did not make sense.”
The most important adjustments on each 2021 automobile are in aero, so new bodywork components will now need to be shipped to Banbury.
“The components which have modified, they’re in manufacturing now,” says Steiner. “Partly inbuilt Italy, partly constructed within the UK, they’re constructed all over. And so they all go this yr to the UK, as an alternative of going to Italy, like within the years earlier than.”
In frequent with different F1 groups Haas has modified its manner of working, with folks staying at dwelling if they’ll.
“The design workforce is in Italy, and so they work partly from dwelling,” says Steiner. “They have a shift system going, and so they are available typically to the workplace for just a few days.
“In UK it is the identical. The race engineers and all of the efficiency engineers primarily make money working from home, they arrive in when they should are available.
“And the mechanics work in shifts. It is mainly two bubbles, so if one bubble will get affected, you continue to can proceed to work.
Kevin Magnussen, Haas VF-20, leaves the storage
Picture by: Andy Hone / Motorsport Images
“In the event you’ve bought everyone in there, and any person will get COVID, then you must quarantine everyone, and you then can not construct the automobile.
“So we have an early shift and a late shift. You simply break up up the folks, which can be not excellent, and never essentially the most environment friendly option to do issues. However in the meanwhile, that is what you must do.
“And we all the time examined folks repeatedly as effectively, to ensure that no one’s bought it, and has no signs. And contact wooden, we did not have any case.”
One other large problem for Haas is that Ferrari’s engineers can not journey to the UK with out dealing with quarantine, and which means they will not be on website to fireside up the engine when the brand new automobile is prepared. And it may well’t be began with out them.
The primary fire-up of any new automobile is greater than a PR stunt – it is a essential methods test that groups are used to endeavor. It is much less crucial with a automobile that hasn’t modified a lot between seasons, but it surely’s nonetheless price doing.
“The fireplace up will likely be in Bahrain,” says Steiner. “With all of the flyaway races anyway the engines return to Maranello, after which they arrive again to the race observe, and go straight into the automobile. So it isn’t something new.
“However it’s not excellent, as a result of even when it’s a carry over automobile, there’s nonetheless, as I mentioned, some new components. You need to do as a lot at dwelling as you may.
“In the event you can not, then it’s essential to discover methods, however I feel we will likely be all proper. So long as it sounds good once we hearth it up the primary time, it isn’t an issue!”
Honda’s Italian job
Tight restrictions on entry to Japan made life troublesome for Honda personnel all final yr, however the firm maintains a full-time core group at its F1 base in Milton Keynes – together with some British workers – and so they can deal with the necessities of Crimson Bull Racing.
Nevertheless, life has been slightly extra difficult for the Honda people who’re assigned to AlphaTauri.
Masashi Yamamoto, Normal Supervisor, Honda Motorsport speaks with a member of the AlphaTauri workforce.
Picture by: Andy Hone / Motorsport Images
A dozen employees members have been obliged to remain in Italy for a number of weeks to supervise Yuki Tsunoda’s 2018 automobile testing programme, together with the fire-up and shakedown of the workforce’s 2021 mannequin.
“The poor guys got here out right here round January eleventh,” says AlphaTauri sporting director Graham Watson. “And so they’ve been out ever since, and so they’re staying out right here till after a take a look at on February 23-25 at Imola. So for them, that is had a huge effect.
“I do know that Tanabe-san at Honda was slightly bit nervous about asking his folks, ‘By the best way, it’s essential to exit and assist AlphaTauri and you are going to be gone for six weeks!’
“For the Japanese guys, I do not suppose it is an enormous drawback, as a result of most of them live on their very own in Milton Keynes. However for the UK guys who’ve households, it is slightly bit extra of an ask.
“After which on prime of that, a few of them are going to go straight from right here to Bahrain, though most are going again to the UK.
“Then when you begin touring to Bahrain for the take a look at, you slide into the federal government exemption, since you’re a part of the assist employees for skilled sports activities.”
AlphaTauri has one other headache, as a result of like McLaren, the wind tunnel it makes use of is overseas.
Most of the aerodynamicists related to the operation of the workforce’s Bicester tunnel are British residents, however some Italian workers often commute from Faenza.
The workforce would additionally usually ship engineers to Milton Keynes when its drivers are within the Crimson Bull simulator, so for instance Bahrain sim working has been scheduled later than standard.
“Our persons are affected greater than we would anticipated,” says Watson. “There was in earlier years a number of crossover between Faenza and Bicester, to get folks backwards and forwards.
“And this yr thus far, we have not bought anyone going wherever, due to the UK quarantine. So that you lose the person who manner.
“After they come again to Italy, it is a 14-day obligatory quarantine. So you may truly tie somebody up for 3 weeks, or extra, offering they’re destructive.
“In order that had a knock-on impact, and positively stopped us from transferring folks round.
“Simply in the previous few days there was slightly bit extra freedom introduced in Italy, coming in direction of elite sports activities folks and their assist employees. I feel because the season is getting a bit nearer, possibly they only wished to loosen up a bit.”
Yuki Tsunoda, AlphaTauri AT01
Picture by: Mark Sutton / Motorsport Images
It is not simply the motion of personnel that groups have needed to carry on prime of.
Engines and gearboxes are repeatedly transferring throughout borders from suppliers to groups, whereas AlphaTauri sends wind tunnel take a look at gadgets to Bicester, often by street, and receives full dimension components from Crimson Bull Know-how.
COVID has slowed down transport via UK ports, whereas Brexit has additionally had an affect, and groups now have much more paperwork to finish, and prices to pay.
“We make components right here that go to the tunnel,” says Watson. “They predominantly go by street, as they’re fairly large shipments.
“Brexit has had fairly an enormous impact on that, extra so than COVID I’d say. And we have needed to construct a little bit of contingency into the planning.
“The ports have change into a little bit of an issue as effectively. You’ll be able to lose between one or two days on the port, relying on what is going on on on the time.
“However on the COVID facet, the UK is kind of straightforward concerning the haulage drivers coming via in each instructions, again into France as effectively, offered you present the swab take a look at. It hasn’t been too dangerous on that facet.”
The beginning of the season, and the transition to event-related journey exemptions in parallel with the FIA’s strict protocols on COVID testing, will make life simpler.
Till then groups need to obey the related rules, figuring out that they’re in place for a motive.
“It’s simply not taking place this yr, as a result of it is simply too troublesome,” says Steiner of his workforce’s standard UK/Italy commuting.
“And I feel we should be respectful as effectively of all the foundations and what’s taking place.
“I imply, if you happen to can not do it, you do not do it. You simply want to search out methods round it, like different industries do.”