A file photograph of scholars at a authorities faculty in Mauli Jagran, Chandigarh
(Credit score: The Categorical photograph)

By Amitabha Bhattacharya

A lot has been written concerning the Nationwide Schooling Coverage 2020 (NEP 2020) and its evolution over the previous few years that it seems essential to have the important options and their critique duly contextualised and articulated in a ebook, authored by an individual who has each a macro-vision of the sector and a direct expertise of implementation issues on the micro-level. This ebook by Narendra Jadhav, a prolific author and educationist who had served as vice-chancellor of Pune College and later as a member (schooling and ability growth) on the Planning Fee, seeks to satisfy this want.

There are a couple of traits of the ebook that benefit consideration. Firstly, it gives a historic perspective of the sector and traces its contours for the reason that appointment of the College Schooling Fee underneath the chairmanship of Dr S Radhakrishnan in 1948, adopted by suggestions of consultants underneath stalwarts like AL Mudaliar, DS Kothari and others, and the way such stories influenced coverage making on the all-India stage.

NEP 2020 can be primarily based, very considerably, on the suggestions of the Ok Kasturirangan Committee and earlier inputs supplied by the TSR Subramanian Committee. The reader would profit from this sweep of key milestones.
Secondly, a big portion of the ebook is dedicated to analysing the salient options of the over 400-page draft NEP 2019 and questioning a lot of its assumptions and conclusions.

This is essential as a result of this draft supplied a lot of the factual and logical basis of the coverage permitted by the federal government. Nonetheless, NEP 2020, primarily based on in depth session on the draft, is not only a distilled model; it additionally makes notable departures. As such, Jadhav compares the contents of NEP 2020 with these of the draft NEP, providing a crucial appraisal of the additions, deletions and modifications therein.

Lastly, the ebook is greater than what the paperwork painting. To make the ebook healthful, Jadhav makes an in depth evaluation of India’s instructional attainments and ability growth standing, examines our demographic dividend that might be obtainable for the following 10-15 years, assesses the nation’s preparedness within the schooling and ability growth sectors, and identifies gaps in key indicators like imply 12 months of education, entry, fairness, high quality, and many others, that require to be stuffed on a conflict footing.

Clean vertical ebook template.

Jadhav additionally raises many questions that the NEP had not adequately or, in his opinion, improperly addressed. The contentious challenge of ‘selling disguised trusts and pseudo non-profit entities’ is one such. Conscious of the useful resource constraints of the federal government, the argument in favour of encouraging personal participation is comprehensible. If that’s the case, shouldn’t personal participation for revenue be thought-about, even on the faculty stage? A clear course of can certainly be devised in order that the revenue so earned is duly taxed.

Equally, funding points just like the pressing want to boost public expenditure on schooling to six% of GDP, as beneficial for many years, have been highlighted. Doubling of public expenditure on schooling as a ratio of whole authorities expenditure over a 10-year interval was beneficial within the draft, however sadly deleted from the ultimate coverage doc. Evidently, the formidable targets set forth within the NEP would stay unattainable with out the requisite funding and acceptable regulatory structure.

Over all, this ebook comprises the related statistics and details, clever analyses of our achievements and failures, and suggests a roadmap for the long run, thus offering a complete image of the troubled schooling sector. The ebook is forward-looking and raises hope.

Amitabha Bhattacharya is a former IAS officer who has additionally labored within the personal sector and with the UNDP

 

Way forward for the Indian Schooling System: How Related is the Nationwide Schooling Coverage, 2020?
Narendra Jadhav
Konark Publishers
Pp 332, Rs 900

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