Citing a number of examples of how Congress additionally needed barrier-free commerce of agricultural produce previously, authorities sources mentioned the opposition get together was being two-faced on the “pro-farmer payments” launched by the Modi authorities in Parliament.
Here is what Congress’ stance has been on farmer’s invoice previously:
1-The Farmers’ Produce Commerce and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Invoice, 2020: The invoice seeks to supply for the creation of an ecosystem the place the farmers and merchants benefit from the freedom of selection regarding sale and buy of farmers’ produce.
Congress previously:
Congress in its manifesto 2019 talked about that “Congress will repeal the Agricultural Produce Market Committee’s Act and make commerce in agriculture produce-including export and inter-state trade-free from all restrictions.
The UPA authorities ready the draft Invoice titled as “Agricultural Produce Inter State Commerce and Commerce (Improvement and Regulation) Invoice 2012”. Nevertheless, it was not pursued additional.
Congress simply earlier than 2014 Lok Sabha elections publicly introduced that Congress dominated states ought to de-notify the fruit and veggies from the APMC Act. In pursuance, Congress dominated states of Karnataka, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Meghalya and Haryana de-notified the Fruits & Greens.
The UPA authorities led by Congress after coming into energy in 2004 began persuasion with the states to undertake the Mannequin APMC Act 2003 to liberalize the state agricultural advertising and marketing legal guidelines. The UPA authorities additionally formulated the Mannequin APMC Guidelines 2007 for implementation of Mannequin APMC Act.
Cupboard Secretary whereas contemplating the Be aware for COS steered in April, 2011 that to advertise Inter-State Commerce and Commerce of agriculture produce throughout States/UTs by way of the instrument of Central Laws. This time additionally there was the rule of UPA led by Congress.
2-The Farmers (Empowerment and Safety) Settlement of Value Assurance and Farm Providers Invoice, 2020 seeks to supply for a nationwide framework on farming agreements that protects and empowers farmers to interact with agri-business companies, processors, wholesalers, exporters or giant retailers for farm providers and sale of future farming produce at a mutually agreed remunerative value framework in a good and clear method.
Actions of Congress previously:
Contract farming has been acknowledged as a chief enabler in numerous reviews of the Planning Fee and has been carried out by many states beneath the State APMC Acts. The 11th 5 Yr Plan, 2007–12, which was launched throughout the tenure of the UPA authorities, mentions –
“A number of States have amended the Agricultural Produce Advertising and marketing Committee Acts to permit personal markets to be arrange in competitors with the prevailing mandis.”
Varied states corresponding to Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana (2007, INC), Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka (2003, INC), Maharashtra (2006, INC-NCP), Madhya Pradesh (2003, INC), Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha (2006, BJD), Rajasthan, Sikkim, Telangana, Tripura and Uttarakhand have made provisions for contract farming beneath the state APMC Act. Three states together with Punjab (2013, SAD), Tamil Nadu (2019, AIADMK), Odisha (2020, BJD) have handed separate Contract Farming Acts.
PepsiCo began working with farmers in Punjab in 1980s for pulping tomatoes and with orange farmers for making Tropicana juice. By the way, from 1987-92, Punjab was beneath President’s Rule i.e. it was run by Central authorities. It was largely both Congress get together in energy in Central authorities or there have been Governments led by Shri V. P. Singh and Shri Chandra Shekhar. From 1992 until 1997, once more the Congress get together was in energy in Punjab.
3-The Important Commodities (Modification) Invoice, 2020 seeks to to take away commodities like cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onion and potatoes from the checklist of important commodities. It will take away fears of personal traders of extreme regulatory interference of their enterprise operations.
Actions of Congress previously
In 2019 Lok Sabha Elections Manifesto, Congress promised to switch the Important Commodities Act, 1955 by an enabling legislation that may be invoked solely in case of emergencies.
The Mid Time period Appraisal of Eleventh 5 Yr Plan throughout UPA years states – “Enhancing advertising and marketing situations and inspiring personal sector participation require reforming the APMC Act and abolishing the Important Commodities Act (ECA).
UPA constituted ‘Committee of State Ministers, In-charge of Agriculture Advertising and marketing to Promote Reforms’ beneath chairmanship of Shri Harshvardhan Patil, then Minister for Cooperation and Parliamentary Affairs, Govt. of Maharashtra. In its report in 2013 acknowledged – “…Important Commodities Act and plethora of Orders promulgated beneath this Act by the Centre and States prevented improvement of free and aggressive advertising and marketing system within the nation.”

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