2. When courts fail sexual assault victims
2. When courts fail sexual assault victims
  • The Supreme Courtroom on Friday sought the help of Legal professional Normal Okay.Okay. Venugopal, the central authorities’s prime lawyer, with regards to courts imposing extraneous bail circumstances for intercourse crime offenders which impinged upon the dignity of the sufferer and trivialise the crime.
  • The bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar and BR Gavai was listening to a petition by 9 ladies attorneys towards a latest bail situation set by the Madhya Pradesh Excessive Courtroom that requested the accused to go to the residence of the sufferer and “enable” her to tie a rakhi on him. The Excessive Courtroom had additionally requested the accused to reward the lady Rs 11,000 “as a customary ritual normally provided by brothers to sisters” on Rakshabandhan.
  • The petitioners challenged the bail situation, which they argued defeated the very objective of granting bail because it directed the alleged perpetrator to determine contact with the sufferer. They stated the court docket failed to understand that in most case of sexual assault, the prosecutrix turns hostile principally attributable to intimidation or underneath strain. The bail situation quantities to the gross trivialisation of the trauma suffered by the complainant and leads to additional victimisation by making the accused go to her residence, the petitioners argued.
  • Petitioners stated such extraneous bail circumstances are sometimes made by decrease courts — they cited 12 latest situations by a number of courts, together with the Delhi HC — and sought the Supreme Courtroom to subject a normal declaration on all excessive courts and trial courts to not go orders that victimise and trivialise the complainant.
5 THINGS FIRST

As we speak: Vice Chief of Military Employees Lt Gen SK Saini on US go to; IPL (RR vs RCB, DC vs CSK); New Zealand goes to polls; Tomorrow: IPL (SRH vs KKR, MI vs KXIP); A decade-old UN arms embargo towards Iran expires

1. Hathras: What UP Police’s three-layer safety seems like
1. Hathras: What UP Police’s three-layer security looks like
  • The Uttar Pradesh police instructed the Supreme Courtroom that it’s offering a three-layer safety to the household of the younger Dalit girl who died after assault and alleged gang-rape by 4 higher caste males within the Hathras village. That safety has additionally meant the household is closely surveilled.
  • There are three ranges of checks on the best way to their home, TOI finds — on the entry to the village, across the sufferer’s home after which on the home itself. Newly-installed CCTV cameras report each motion. For added measure, cops posted exterior the home make an observation of each particular person coming into and leaving the home.
  • A neighborhood intelligence unit official information the video of the dialog media personnel have with the household. “We have to have a report of all statements the household makes,” the official stated. The justification? “It’s only for his or her security. It’s to make sure nobody misguides the household into saying one thing. In the event that they refuse, conversations is not going to be recorded.” Cops had earlier sealed off the district and even prevented opposition politicians from reaching the spot.
  • The household, in the meantime, says they wish to transfer out of the village that has been their dwelling for generations. “It might be inconceivable to remain on in spite of everything that has occurred. It might be simpler on us if we went elsewhere,” the sufferer’s elder brother instructed TOI. They’re contemplating Delhi; “it will imply quite a bit if the federal government helped us transfer,” he says. “Being right here shall be a continuing reminder of what occurred to our sister,” the youthful brother stated.
  • The UP Police’s particular investigation staff that’s investigating the associated circumstances — the principle investigation is being performed by the CBI — is more likely to search a second extension to desk its report. The SIT was scheduled to submit its findings on Saturday, after the 10-day extension of its unique deadline of October 7.
3. What’s inflicting the deluge in peninsular India
3. What’s causing the deluge in peninsular India
  • A change in wind circulation and strain patterns for October, that resemble these occurring throughout monsoons between June-September, may very well be the explanation behind the deluge and the flooding in components of Maharashtra, together with Pune, Satara, Sangli, Solapur and Kolhapur districts — with complete casualties climbing to 47 and 499,648 hectares of crops destroyed.
  • Based on the Indian Meteorological Division (IMD), October normally sees a breakdown of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) (a belt of converging commerce winds and rising air encircling the Earth across the Equator) — which for the previous few years hasn’t been taking place with ITCZ growing even in October.
  • Added to which might be the cyclonic storms forming over the Bay of Bengal, which earlier used to dissipate quick and never transfer a lot inland — actually, one other low strain space is more likely to kind over central Bay of Bengal round October 19, resulting in heavy to very heavy rainfall alongside coastal Andhra Pradesh (AP).
  • The area — AP, Telangana, Maharashtra and Karnataka — has seen torrential rains and big flooding this week. The truth is, the most recent research by the UN workplace for Catastrophe Threat Discount (UNDRR) says that India was the second worst affected nation after China, with 17 floods yearly, in comparison with China’s 20.
  • It stated that between 2000-2019, 345 million Indians had been affected by floods, with the nation holding the grim report for the deadliest flooding — June 2013, which claimed 6,054 lives.
4. Life expectancy’s up, however starvation pangs stay
4. Life expectancy’s up, but hunger pangs remain
  • India has gained greater than a decade of life expectancy since 1990 — up from 59.6 years in 1990 to 70.Eight years in 2019. Nonetheless, there are extensive inequalities between states — starting from 77.Three years in Kerala to 66.9 years in Uttar Pradesh. This based on the World Burden of Illness report.
  • Now, the rise in ‘wholesome life expectancy’ has not been as dramatic as the expansion of life expectancy — 58% of the entire illness burden in India is now attributable to non-communicable illnesses (NCDs), up from 29% in 1990, whereas untimely deaths attributable to NCDs have greater than doubled from 22% to 50%.
  • And the prime 5 threat components for deaths within the nation had been air air pollution (an estimated 1.67 million deaths), hypertension (1.47 million), tobacco use (1.23 million), poor food plan (1.18 million), and excessive blood sugar (1.12 million).
  • Additionally: India additionally ranked 94 amongst 107 nations within the World Starvation Index 2020. And with a rating of 27.2, the extent of starvation was “severe”. This after the nation ranked 102 out of 117 nations and 103 amongst 119 nations on the 2019 and 2018 indices, respectively.
  • Per the report, 14% of India’s inhabitants is undernourished. And greater than a 3rd of the nation’s youngsters had been stunted — the proportion of kids who’ve a “low top for his or her age, reflecting continual undernutrition” was 37.4%.
6. Will elevating the wedding age for ladies assist them?
6. Will raising the marriage age for girls help them?
PM Narendra Modi repeated his independence day comment that the federal government will quickly resolve on the “perfect age of marriage for daughters”, which is presently 18.

The professionals

  • With 33.6% of India’s inhabitants born to teenage moms, delaying the minimal age of marriage may additionally delay the onset of child-bearing, with the end result that India’s projected inhabitants by 2050 — between 1.6-1.7 billion — may scale back by 25.1% based on a 2013 UN Inhabitants Fund assessment.
  • Aside from bringing gender parity within the age of marriage — minimal age for marriage for boys is 21 — elevating the wedding age for ladies may assist scale back each the toddler and maternal mortality fee, which is the best on this planet. Based on specialists, youngsters born to teenage moms are likely to develop well being issues whilst a girl’s reproductive organs attain optimum dimension and performance solely by the age of 21 years.

The cons

  • Elevating the age of marriage may end in criminalising sexual exercise under that age, as presently the age of consent is 18 years.
  • Based on authorized specialists, rising the age of marriage for ladies to 21 may imply that they’ve little or no say of their private issues until they attain that age.
  • It might have little or no impression on stopping baby marriages — for one, they’re legitimate so long as the minors need it to stay legitimate and two, baby marriage charges are declining, from 46% in 2005-6 to 26.8% in 2015-16, based on Nationwide Household Well being Survey.
7. The sharpest 15-day declines in Covid circumstances & deaths
7. The sharpest 15-day declines in Covid cases & deaths
  • Within the sharpest fortnightly dips in Covid-19 circumstances and deaths within the nation, new infections fell by 18.4% within the first half of October from the earlier 15-day interval (September 16-30), whereas deaths fell by practically 19%.
  • Circumstances within the first 15 days of this month have been the bottom fortnightly rely for the reason that second half of August, per every day knowledge collated from state governments (see above graphic). It was additionally the second straight fortnight when circumstances declined.
  • The demise toll has adopted an identical sample. Once more, the demise rely had dropped for the primary time within the second half of September, though the autumn was simply 0.2%.
  • The pandemic is on the wane, however with greater than 1 million new circumstances and over 13,000 deaths throughout the fortnight, it’s removed from over.
  • Friday’s rely: Energetic circumstances dipped under the 800,000 mark for the primary time since August 31. Every day circumstances remained above 60,000, at 62,587, whereas the demise toll was 871, the best in six days.
8. Smog-hit Delhi: Justice Lokur to observe stubble burning
8. Smog-hit Delhi: Justice Lokur to monitor stubble burning
  • Former Supreme Courtroom decide Justice Madan Lokur will head a one-man committee to observe the follow of stubble burning in Delhi neighbouring states of Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh in view of the worsening air high quality within the capital metropolis, the Supreme Courtroom stated on Friday.
  • The air high quality in Delhi has deteriorated with the onset of winter, reversing the comparatively cleaner air throughout the pandemic lockdown. The air high quality index within the metropolis ticked 312 on Thursday, the worst in Eight months; it improved on Friday.
  • The burning of stubble by farmers within the neighbouring agri-states is just not the one wrongdoer — industrial air pollution from factories in Delhi, vehicular air pollution, mud from development actions all play a component. But, the central authorities’s air pollution monitoring database, SAFAR, exhibits the share of stubble burning within the complete PM2.5 in Delhi has risen over the previous few days — from underneath 2% on October 14 to 18% on October 16 (Friday).
  • Based on the Punjab Distant Sensing Centre, there have been 4,585 circumstances of stubble fires within the state between September 21 and October 16; the corresponding determine final 12 months was 1,388. The rise in crop fires comes even because the Punjab authorities has subsidised 23,500 crop residue machines this 12 months. The Indian Agricultural Analysis Institute recorded 4,644 situations of crop fires between Oct 1 and 15 throughout UP, Haryana and Punjab; the corresponding determine final 12 months was 2,647.

Further learn: What occurs when Covid meets poisonous air?

9. And the primary captaincy casualty this IPL is…
9. And the first captaincy casualty this IPL is…
Karthik (left) and Morgan

  • … Dinesh Karthik. In a media assertion, hours earlier than their recreation towards Mumbai Indians (MI) on Friday, Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) stated Karthik “needs to handover” the management to Eoin Morgan “with a view to concentrate on his batting and contributing extra to the staff’s trigger”. Karthik was bothered by his batting place this season as properly.
  • The 35-year-old wicketkeeper-batsman had taken over the captaincy after the franchise parted methods with Gautam Gambhir after the 2017 season and had led them to the playoffs the following version. Nonetheless, this season (earlier than Friday’s match) Karthik had managed simply 108 runs at a mean of 15.42. Morgan, the 2019 World Cup-winning captain, alternatively, had scored 175 at 35.00.
  • In opposition to MI, Karthik, coming in at No. 4, may handle simply Four off Eight balls, whereas new skipper Morgan made a combating 39 off 29 balls batting at No. 5 to provide the entire some respectability. But it surely was one other embarrassing defeat for the Knights.
  • The scorecard: MI 149/2 (de Kock 78 not out) beat KKR 148/5 (Cummins 53 not out, Chahar 2-18) by Eight wickets. Match web page right here
BEFORE YOU GO
10. Two unequal pandemic polls
10. Two unequal pandemic polls
  • Impoverished and landlocked South American nation of Bolivia holds a presidential election on Sunday, however apprehension quite than pleasure is the prevailing temper. The poll is a delayed re-run of a fraught and later annulled vote in 2019 that sparked off lethal protests and led to the resignation of leftist President of 14 years, Evo Morales.
  • Morales is now exiled in Argentina, however his chosen stand-in, former economic system minister Luis Arce, is a frontrunner. Arce’s important challenger is centrist ex-President Carlos Mesa, who got here second to Morales in final 12 months’s vote. There are three different candidates.
  • A candidate wants at the very least 40% of legitimate votes within the first spherical and a ten-point result in keep away from a second-round run-off. However past the outcomes, observers worry a repeat of the final 12 months’s riots on the finish of all of it.
  • A vastly totally different election awaits the island nation of New Zealand on Saturday. Liberal icon Jacinda Ardern is anticipated to return because the Prime Minister, buoyed by her astute dealing with of the pandemic. However the proportional voting system may throw surprises. The challenger? Judith Collins, a centrist who admires former British PM Margaret Thatcher.
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Ghulam Nabi Azad. The senior Congress chief on Friday tweeted that he has contracted the novel coronavirus and has been underneath dwelling quarantine.

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Written by: Rakesh Rai, Judhajit Basu, Sumil Sudhakaran, Tejeesh N.S. Behl
Analysis: Rajesh Sharma



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